Peradeniya Botanical Gardens - It is situated in the 5.5 km West of Hill capital Kandy. 115 km from Colombo.
Royal Botanical Gardens Founding year 1821. Average visitors approximately 2 million per year, number of plant species over 10,000 including 4000 labelled species, Total Area 147 acres Height above sea level 460m.
Visiting to this garden will provide spectacles at extraordinary beauty and absorbing interest for any nature lover and casual visitor.
Peradeniya is well known for its large variety of plants ornaments, useful machine and other creepers that produce the special spices at Sri Lanka.
The great lawns highlight huge tropical trees and variety at bamboo can be found in one place.
A spice garden gives you a firsthand introduction to the trees and plants used for the traditional Ayurvedic medicine.
Mahaweli River, Sri Lanka s longest river surrounding this garden gives an added beauty to this garden.
It won’t be wrong to say that this garden is one of its best kind in the world and the best in Asia.
UNKNOWN FACTS ABOUT THE GARDEN
Before the botanical gardens were formed, the place was the court of King Wickramabahu III in 1371.
Later a temple was built on the site, but IT was destroyed by the British.
Mr. Alexander Moon began the initial groundwork for the gardens in 1821, when he used it for the cultivation of cinnamon and coffee.
The garden was formally established in 1843 with plants brought in from Royal Botanical Gardens Kew, Britain.
The gardens came under the purview of the Department of Agriculture in 1912.
The gardens are attached to the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka.
The Orchid House with its large variety of orchids are highly renowned. which houses more than 300 varieties of exquisite orchids.
The gardens include the historical Cannonball Tree planted in 1901 by King George V and Queen Mary of the United Kingdom.
The Royal Botanical Gardens of Peradeniya was used as the South-east Asian Headquarters of the Allied Forces during the Second World War.
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